(Visited 36 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 More evidence points to a fully-formed universe very soon after the beginning.Using the magnifying glass of a gravitational lens, astronomers at Johns Hopkins University have located “a galaxy dating back to a mere 500 million years after the big bang,” reported Science Magazine (Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, “Warped Light Reveals Infant Galaxy on the Brink of the ‘Cosmic Dawn’,” Science 21 September 2012: Vol. 337 no. 6101 p. 1442, DOI: 10.1126/science.337.6101.1442). The discovery was announced in the rival journal across the pond, Nature (Wei Zheng et al., “A magnified young galaxy from about 500 million years after the Big Bang,” Nature 489, 20 September 2012, pp. 406–408, doi:10.1038/nature11446).This is the latest of a trend to find mature structures closer and closer to the big bang – leaving cosmologists little time to go from random particles to “lumpy” structures like stars and galaxies (see links in commentary below). This galaxy’s redshift (z = 9.6) is a record, indicating it existed close to the beginning: “Light from the primordial galaxy traveled approximately 13.2 billion light-years before reaching NASA’s telescopes,” PhysOrg stated. “In other words, the starlight snagged by Spitzer and Hubble left the galaxy when the universe was just 3.6 percent of its present age.” Even so, the galaxy was estimated by the astronomers at 200 million years old. This implies its formation was even earlier. The original paper in Nature said,We estimate that it formed less than 200 million years after the Big Bang (at the 95 per cent confidence level), implying a formation redshift of ≲14. Given the small sky area that our observations cover, faint galaxies seem to be abundant at such a young cosmic age, suggesting that they may be the dominant source for the early re-ionization of the intergalactic medium.Modern cosmological theory places an “epoch of re-ionization” after the first generation of stars that ionized the interstellar medium. Something with enough energy broke up the hydrogen gas into protons and electrons. Nature‘s paper was pretty straightforward, explaining how the discovery was made and the math used to determine its redshift, etc. But Science Magazine took the occasion to point out substantial gaps in current cosmological theory:In the timeline of cosmic evolution, the galaxy represents an era that is still filled with mystery. The universe was a soup of hot plasma for a few hundred thousand years after the big bang. Then the electrons and protons in the soup combined to form hydrogen. The first stars and galaxies are believed to have been born some 300 million years after the big bang. Over the next 700 million years or so, something re ionized the universe, breaking its hydrogen back into electrons and protons.Studies of the cosmic microwave background have broadly confirmed this timeline. But key early details are missing, including what led to the reionization. Many astrophysicists have suggested that ultra violet (UV) radiation from early galaxies may have played an important role.Nature probably did not have time to incorporate the latest findings from the South Pole Telescope, reported by PhysOrg. Astronomers now put the epoch of re-ionization earlier and shorter than previously thought – between 250 and 500 million years after the big bang, not 750 or more. Assuming stars were involved in the re-ionization, this implies “First Stars, Galaxies Formed More Rapidly Than Expected.” The article explained the implications:The epoch’s short duration indicates that reionization was more explosive than scientists had previously thought. It suggests that massive galaxies played a key role in reionization, because smaller galaxies would have formed much earlier.But if massive galaxies played a key role, it compresses the time available for the first stars to form, the first dwarf galaxies to form, and then the massive galaxies to form. The early birds must have been awesome. They had to be in order to have the energy required for the re-ionization epoch: “The first stars that formed were probably 30 to 300 times more massive than the sun and millions of times as bright, burning for only a few million years before exploding.”The trend over the last decade has been for observations to exacerbate the lumpiness problem in cosmology (the puzzle that a smooth beginning produced stars, galaxies, clusters, superclusters and other “lumpy” objects, separated by large voids of empty space). Follow the trend with these previous entries:5/30/01: Cosmologists still lack many basic answers. How did galaxies form? “The details are devilishly difficult to understand.”6/05/01: Quasar 800 million years after big bang. It’s going to turn a great number of astronomical theories on their head and confirm others.”1/08/02: Universe began with fireworks grand finale. The idea that “the fireworks ran backwards… is not at all intuitively what one would have predicted.”1/23/04: Should cosmologists get worried yet? “It’s not quite time for theorists to panic, but we’re getting there,” said astronomer Roberto Abraham of the University of Toronto, Canada, after announcing his group’s discovery of a startling number of mature galaxies in the young universe.”10/14/05: Old man in the stellar maternity ward. “These chunky babies may be pointing to a cosmic crisis. They don’t seem to fit the leading theory of galaxy formation, which cosmologists have relied on for more than 2 decades….”8/18/06: Early spiral resembles Milky Way. It is also puzzling that the most massive galaxies were more abundant and were forming stars more rapidly at early epochs than expected from models.”9/24/06: Mature galaxy 700 million years after big bang. “The simplest explanation is that the Universe is just too young to have built up many luminous galaxies at z approximately ~7-8 by the hierarchical merging of small galaxies.”12/08/09: Hubble Ultra Deep Field. “600 million years after the Big Bang. No galaxies have been seen before at such early times.”12/17/10: Whopping celestial baby boom revealed in early universe. “The new glimpse of such a productive early universe – seen as it looked 3 billion years after the Big Bang – may change the way scientists think about star formation.”3/09/11: Young galaxy cluster already mature. “Surprise! Ancient Galaxy Cluster Still Looks Young.”4/14/11: Mature galaxy with old stars 950 million years after big bang pushes star formation earlier, suggests “that the first galaxies have been around for a lot longer than previously thought.”6/17/11: Clumpiness of distant universe surprises astronomers: twice the clumpiness per unit distance found than was predicted.1/11/12: Cosmologists forced to “In the Beginning.” — “serious threats to our existing understanding of the cosmos.”Other examplesLook through the Cosmology links for other examples. Upsets are common, confirmations of theory are not. Secular cosmologists did not expect to find early maturity, like old men in a maternity ward — but they did. Remember these stories when someone tries to pull a scientism bluff on you.
Matthew Ryan Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Thanks to the relaxing of the single-child policy in 2016, China is predicted to be heading towards a baby boom, with the number of newborns predicted to reach 18 million by 2018. As a result, the countries already crazy annual spending on baby products is set for 15 per cent year-on-year growth, rising to RMB 969 billion ($147.4 billion) by 2020. Chinese born in the ’80s and ’90s are fearless tech lovers, with a recent survey finding that 60% of the population consider themselves early adopters. Babytech sales are already strong, and these changing demographics paired with a growing urban middle class are set to See also: Is smart baby tech a parent’s dream or worst nightmare?A number of babytech devices have already created a furor in China. In particular Moodoo, a smart fetal monitoring patch which managed to raised more than $4.3 million in five minutes. Other successes have been smart milk formula mixing machines, like NicePapa and the number of smart thermometers and monitoring devices. We spoke to Liang Du, CEO of Mommy Knows, an OEM/ODM company that focuses on Smart Diapers, Oscar Chan of Bimado, a foreign owned, but Chinese based baby tech manufacturer and Lucas Wang, CEO of hardware collaboration platform, HWTrek. They gave us the info on what overseas companies need to succeed in this flourishing smart product market. Consider the Chinese family as a wholeA difficult recent history and rapidly changing social milieu have created complex sets of consumer demands that are distinct from the US. Young Chinese parents are some of the savviest, early adopters in the world and make, informed, research-driven tech consumption decisions. Unfortunately, the situation is not as simple as marketing strictly towards this demographic. Grandparents commonly take the role of raising children, while parents work long working hours. According to Liang Du, creators of babytech devices “Always have to consider three factors. First, the user (baby), then the person purchasing the device (the parents) and finally the operator (grandparents).” Older generations of Chinese mostly grew up poor, in a country that was technologically behind the rest of the world and are confused by complex features. They also hold a number of folk beliefs that are incomprehensible to non-natives. For example, Bimado found at the testing stage, that many older Chinese believe that the correct treatment for a child with a fever is to wrap them in as many layers as possible, making it impossible for their device to get accurate temperature readings. Oscar Chan recommends that overseas companies in the babytech field in China, “study the overall preference of the whole Chinese household, rather than thinking about consumers individually.” You need to make the device simple enough for this generation to use, while still being technically advanced to attract parents. Being foreign is no longer enoughChina has changed. The catchment of buying a product from the West is fading and consumers are starting to prefer Chinese electronics brands. This is especially true of IoT and smart products, where China is widely perceived as having a competitive advantage. The ecosystem for smart products in Shenzhen and the rest of China is so advanced, that it is almost impossible for overseas companies to compete on features. Oscar Chan, recommends that it’s better to concentrate on branding, industrial design, and product safety: “Many Chinese products have really strong features but feel cheap or look ugly. Foreign companies can really add value and be competitive through telling a story…. branding, industrial design, swish UI and safety certification.” These views are echoed by Lucas Wang: “For more simple functioning hardware you can’t differentiate on hardware because that is easily replicated, the real value for Chinese consumer is in services and user experience.”Companies need to be special. The market is much more mature than the West and consumers have seen a lot before. Just adding BlueTooth, Wifi, and an app to a traditional toy, is not enough to woo consumers. According to Liang Du, If you do want to go down that path of adding technical features to a familiar baby product, then “make sure that every last bit of your design is as good as the traditional product.”Find a local partnerMao Zedong said “Women hold up half the sky,” but in modern Chinese households, the mother now has an even greater share of the decision making process. As Liang Du explains, “The role of the father in shopping has been reduced to only suggestions. It’s useless selling a babytech product on features or techy spec stuff that men like. You need to use more feminine trigger words in your branding like “natural” and “environmentally friendly.”To meet the demands of the China market, it is best to work with a Chinese partner. The supply chain in Shenzhen and the rest of China is pretty complete, from sensor manufacturers to specialist babytech design houses. Foreign companies who base themselves in China, can take advantage of this ecosystem and get both the edge on the local market and the global one. As Oscar Chan explains that “Shenzhen has become so international. The company I work with has a Swiss designer. Shenzhen had a good downstream ecosystem and now they have upstream as well. Everything is here.”Lucas Wang adds: “Working with a local design house or manufacturer, means that you are able to meet the rapidly changing preferences of local consumers. The preferences of Chinese parents change so quickly and without a local partner, you are fumbling around in the dark.” Tags:#baby#babytech#China#featured#Internet of Things#IoT#top Follow the Puck Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to…
At least five Maoists, including two women cadres, were killed in an exchange of fire with security personnel inside the Bejingiwada reserve forest near Sanyasiguda village under Kalimela police station of Odisha’s Malkangiri district in the early hours of Monday.The site of the encounter is barely 2 km from East Godavari district in adjoining Andhra Pradesh.Speaking to The Hindu, Malkangiri Superintendent of Police Jagmohan Meena said that based on intelligence reports on the presence of a Maoist camp in the region, two groups of commandos of the Special Operation Group (SOG) launched an operation on Sunday evening.It was believed that Maoist leader Randev alias Deba Madhi, who heads the Kalimela Dalam of the outlawed CPI (Maoist), was present at the spot, along with some key Maoists from Malkangiri district.According to sources, Randev managed to escape from the spot.‘Biggest operation’Odisha Director General of Police R.P. Sharma said this was the biggest operation against Maoists in Odisha in the past three years. He said the bodies of five Maoists and arms and ammunition were recovered from the spot of encounter. All those killed were in Maoist uniforms.According to Mr. Sharma, two self loading rifles (SLR), one INSAS rifle, one .303 rifle, one grenade, ammunition as well as backpacks and other materials were seized from the site of the shootout.
Mercedes Benz price increaseMercedes Benz is incidentally the first luxury maker to have entered India more than 15 years ago. With the launch of the new A-Class and B-Class Sports Tourer vehicles, it has been able to regain lost ground from competitors BMW and Audi. Owing to rising input costs and high exchange rate, the company has recently announced a small price hike of 2.5% across its model range from September 1, 2014Speaking more on the situation, Mr Eberhard Kern, Managing Director and CEO, Mercedes-Benz India, said, “Mercedes-Benz continues to offer ‘top of the line’ products for its customers and focuses on adding more value to their overall ownership experience. We have decided to upwardly revise the prices of some of our models given the rising input costs and continued high exchange rate. Mercedes Benz models are highly enriched in terms of features and they command high customer preference in the market. Our aim remains to grow sustainably in the market in the long-term and keep creating new benchmark in modern luxury for our customers.”Quality, world-class safety standards and refined performance are always standard with the Mercedes brand and the company will continue to maintain its high standards even in times of inflation. To adhere to the interests of the buyers, Mercedes Benz has come out with a host of financial services. Elaborating on the same, Mr. Kern said, “Despite the price hike, the attractive financial solutions from Mercedes-Benz Financial Services like ‘Flexinomics’, ‘STAR Agility, STAR Lease’ and ‘STAR Supersonic’ loan approvals etc. are all tailor made for our customers. These solutions will provide benchmark value proposition, enabling a hassle free purchase, while our service programmes like Star Care, Star Ease and Road Side Assistance, will enhance the customer’s overall ownership experience.”advertisement
Arsenal boss Emery played Ozil, Mustafi in Reading friendlyby Paul Vegas9 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal boss Unai Emery fielded a strong XI for Tuesday’s friendly with Reading.The match was Mark Bowen’s first as new Royals manager.The game finished 2-2, with Sam Baldock netting both of Royals’ goals.The former Brighton man had given Reading the lead, before an Arsenal team – which included senior pros Mesut Ozil, Ashley Maitland-Niles, Hector Bellerin, Rob Holding and Shkodran Mustafi – hit back.Baldock had the last laugh though as he claimed his second goal to earn Royals a draw. About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
VANCOUVER – Marijuana businesses are growing in size and scope as Canada moves toward legalization of recreational pot, creating an increasingly daunting job for those tasked with enforcing the rules.In Vancouver’s bustling downtown, sleek, modern posters with fashionable fonts and simple images are plastered on lamp posts. It’s not until you take a closer look that you spot the rolled joints inside a sandwich or buds among a plate of broccoli.“Weed delivery. Simplified,” the posters read.Once an underground industry, marijuana delivery services are now advertising publicly, joining unlicensed retail stores and online shops as cannabis businesses openly skirting the existing law.Officials have tried to shut them down, but efforts haven’t always been effective and whether enforcement will fare any differently post legalization remains hazy.It’s still illegal for anyone to possess, produce, import, export, or transport marijuana until federal legislation is enacted, said Const. Jason Doucette, a spokesman for Vancouver police.“Although these online (and) storefront dispensaries are essentially trafficking controlled substances, there is not enough manpower and time to conduct these investigations due to the sheer number of these operations,” he said in an email.“Police resources are very limited in terms of investigating cannabis offences, among the other workload that members have been given.”Doucette said it would be inappropriate to comment on the force’s role post legalization, but he noted that officers “will be able to deal with public safety issues that arise.”The federal government has pledged to legalize recreational marijuana later this year and the Senate is set to hold a final vote on the legislation, known as Bill C-45, by June 7. Provinces and territories have been left to come up with their own regulations to control distribution and sales.British Columbia’s Ministry of Public Safety is hiring a “director of cannabis control” and a “community safety unit” to enforce new provincial legislation, although exact roles are still being determined.Under the new rules, cannabis enforcement officers will be able to enter illegal retail operations without a warrant to seize product and records.In B.C., the maximum punishment for selling pot outside of the provincial framework will be a $100,000 fine and 12 months in jail.Post legalization, marijuana shops will need licences from both the municipality and the province to operate.Vancouver is one of the few cities in Canada that already has regulations in place, after creating a bylaw to license medical marijuana shops in 2015 when the number of illegal retailers bloomed past 100.Business licenses have now been handed out to 19 retailers, including four to so-called “compassion clubs” — non-profits that provide medical pot to patients in need — and dozens of other outlets are working their way through the licensing process.Landlords leasing space to illegal outlets are given zoning violation orders, while bylaw officers routinely issue $1,000 tickets to unlicensed shops — although data from the city shows less than 15 per cent of those have been paid.Vancouver is also asking the B.C. Supreme Court to shut down 53 pot shops that continue to operate without a licence. That case is set to be heard in September.A statement from the city says enforcement against illegal operators will be “enhanced” post legalization, but no details have been provided on what the city’s role will be.Some in the industry predict the so-called grey market will continue to flourish once recreational marijuana is legalized, saying the rules don’t allow regulated businesses to fulfil demand.Direct delivery and online distribution in particular are likely to continue operating on the edges of the law, said Ian Dawkins, acting president of the Cannabis Commerce Association of Canada.“They are like the cockroaches of this biosphere. You will never destroy a dude on his bicycle with a cellphone delivering weed,” he said.Fines and court injunctions won’t be effective, Dawkins added, and the grey market will continue providing consumers across the country with the variety and availability of product they’ve come to expect.“If you’re a law-abiding citizen and you go to the Ontario cannabis store and there’s nothing on the shelves, you pretty much feel entitled to dial up your guy. That’s pretty much the end of enforcement at that point.”The market for marijuana products has evolved quickly, said the owner of one Vancouver-based online cannabis shop who asked not to be named.His store, Westculture, sells everything from edibles and dried cannabis flowers to weed-infused bath bombs and dog treats. Many of the products still wouldn’t be available at licensed retailers after legalization.People want things like edibles and vape pens because they offer a discrete way to consume cannabis and government regulations won’t fill that demand, he said.“They should have a better model to serve their consumers.”The man knows his business doesn’t fully comply with either the current or coming legislation, but he has no plans to shut down because he wants to push for rules that allow greater access to a wider variety of products.Governments are “setting themselves up for a lot of competition from the grey market,” he said.— Follow @gkarstenssmith on Twitter.
OTTAWA – Canada’s metal producers are urging the government to push back against an American plan to slap steep tariffs on aluminum and steel imports, saying they are being unfairly targeted in a sweeping strategy aimed at protecting U.S. companies from state-sponsored Chinese producers.President Donald Trump announced Thursday he intends to impose duties of 25 per cent on steel and 10 per cent on aluminum, with no mention of excluding Canada, which is the main supplier of both metals to the U.S.The tariffs will be felt most heavily by workers and consumers in the United States as the “collateral damage” spreads throughout the American economy in the form of higher prices and stunted growth, said Jean Simard, head of the Aluminium Association of Canada.“We’re not part of the problem,” Simard said. “The problem is China and the U.S. knows it.”Canada exports to the U.S. 90 per cent of the 3.2-million tonnes of aluminum it produces annually, which represents two thirds of America’s total aluminum imports.The proposed import duties would boost primary aluminum smelting jobs by an estimated 1,900, while at the same time destroying 23,000 to 90,000 jobs downstream, according to a report released Friday by Harbor, an aluminum industry consulting firm.The tariffs will have repercussions north of the border regardless of whether the U.S. grants Canada an exemption, said Joseph Galimberti, president of the Canadian Steel Producers Association.Diverted steel previously destined for the U.S. could swamp Canada’s domestic market and will also drive down prices in other countries, making it more difficult for Canadian producers to sell elsewhere, Galimberti said.“There is a significant volume of steel that will be displaced into the global market, which is already widely understood to be over capacity.”Numbers released by the steel producers association indicate the steel trade between Canada and the U.S. is balanced, with $6 billion of the product that moved in both directions across the border in 2017. Canada receives half of all American steel exports, while the U.S. receives 90 per cent of Canadian steel exports, the association said.The epicentre of Canada’s steel industry is Hamilton, Ont., and the surrounding region, where at least half of the country’s steel exports originate, said chamber of commerce president Keanin Loomis.“Steel to us is everything. It’s our identity. It’s our legacy,” Loomis said, adding he and other chamber members were “gobsmacked” by Trump’s announcement.The president is expected to get around free-trade obligations between the two countries using a U.S. law that allows him to introduce the tariffs for reasons of national security.Loomis pointed to the last time the U.S. imposed tariffs on Canadian steel imports, which occurred under former president George W. Bush. They were quickly reversed after the negative downstream effects on the American economy became apparent, he said.“This has been tried before. It failed. It would be foolish to try … this again.”Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the trade measures “absolutely unacceptable.”“It just makes no sense to highlight that Canadian steel or aluminium could be a security threat to the United States,” he said.While there is scant detail on what the tariffs would look like, the North American automobile industry stands to be seriously affected.“The auto sector really doesn’t have a border,” said Flavio Volpe, head of the Auto Parts Manufacturers’ Association. “It’s like a plate of spaghetti. It’s not always that easy to pull one strand out.”It takes time to ramp up steel production, meaning that in the short term American consumers bear the costs of paying the tariffs, Volpe said. He added that boosting steel capacity is also capital intensive, the cost of which would also fall on American consumers.Mark Nantais, president of the Canadian Vehicle Manufacturers’ Association, said he didn’t want to speculate about the tariffs in the absence of more details, but he encouraged Canadian officials to push for exemptions.— Follow @gwomand on Twitter
TORONTO – Google and Facebook continue to be the juggernauts that dominate how Canadians use the Internet but a new “non-duopoly” trend may be emerging, suggests a report by the measurement firm comScore.When looking at how Canadians used the internet throughout 2017, growth in time spent with the Top 100 most popular online properties excluding Facebook and Google sites was consistently strong.“What we’re starting to see in Canada is folks outside out those two are showing some increases … there’s a growth outside of the duopoly,” said Bryan Segal, comScore’s vice-president of sales, in advance of Thursday’s release of the Global Digital Future in Focus report.“Time on the internet is not decreasing, it’s just you see there’s other channels (growing) and time is being proportioned (there). There’s definitely a shift.”Earlier this year, Facebook reported that it saw its numbers of daily active users in the U.S. and Canada decline for the first time ever.Meanwhile, the growing social media platform Snapchat was highlighted in the comScore report for its growth.While Snapchat has not yet cracked the Top 5 apps used by the most Canadians — those are Facebook, FB Messenger, YouTube, Google Search and Google Maps — it is No. 5 in the U.S. and U.K.But among Canadian users, comScore reported that Snapchat accounted for over 10 per cent of the overall time spent on social media apps, more than Instagram and Twitter combined (although Facebook was still far and away the leader at approaching 80 per cent).Segal said he wasn’t surprised by Snapchat’s growth and “significant slice” of the market, given the app’s younger base of users.“The core population Snapchat goes after is a highly, highly digitized millennial audience that is severely app-focused … and they spend a lot of time (online),” he said.“Canadians are definitely spending time on this entity and I think it’s encouraging to see additional players.”The comScore report looks at digital trends in 13 markets, including Argentina, Brazil, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, Spain, the U.K. and the U.S., and found that while there’s a global shift toward “mobile-only” consumers who have given up completely on using computers, Canadians were still keen users of laptops and desktops.A little over 10 per cent of the Canadian market was mobile-only as of December 2017, which was an increase of 4.8 percentage points over the course of the year. Meanwhile, mobile-only users represented about 30 to 40 per cent of the markets in Brazil, Italy, Mexico and Spain, and nearly 80 per cent in India.The report did find that Canadians spent almost twice as much time with smartphones (nearly 4,000 minutes in December, or a little over two hours a day) versus how long they were using computers (just over 2,000 minutes, or about an hour a day). The time Canadians spent on computers was the highest of all the countries studied, which Segal admitted he found a bit surprising.“It’s not a mobile-only world, it might be a mobile-first world, but desktops are still really, really key,” he said.When it came to online video consumption, Canada ranked third in most videos viewed per user, and second in most hours spent watching video content on computers.Segal said when he talks to his international comScore counterparts about the Canadian market they find many of the stats linked to video streaming “quite eye-opening.”“We’ll always get asked, ‘Hey, was that a rounding error?’ And it’s like, ‘No, they’re pretty serious business.’”
SEATTLE — Washington Gov. and likely presidential candidate Jay Inslee proposed Tuesday a public health insurance option for state residents, the latest action by a Democratic governor to address Trump administration health policies they say are keeping people from getting the care they need.Inslee said he will ask lawmakers to consider a plan that would direct the Washington State Health Care Authority to offer public health insurance statewide to anyone in the individual market who is not covered by their employers. Inslee said reimbursement rates would be consistent with federal Medicare plans.Inslee’s move comes a day after California Gov. Gavin Newsom proposed state-funded health care coverage for 138,000 young people living in the country illegally and reinstating a mandate for everyone to buy insurance or pay a fine — part of former President Barack Obama’s health care law that congressional Republicans eliminated last year.Inslee said 14 counties in Washington are at risk of losing any access to individual health insurance options. Rising costs are causing some insurers to abandon the individual market in largely rural counties.“We are on the knife’s edge,” he told reporters.Washington Insurance Commission Mike Kreidler said the President Donald Trump’s administration has put up “real roadblocks” to health care access.The Trump administration said in July that it would freeze payments under an “Obamacare” program that protects insurers with sicker patients from financial losses, a move expected to add to premium increases.Supporters of Inslee’s plan didn’t immediately reveal cost estimates for the proposal, but the governor said “we need to write another chapter of health care reform.”State Sen. David Frockt, a Democrat from Seattle, said he would sponsor legislation for a public option.“The Trump administration has done everything in its power to undermine the health care coverage advances we’ve made in Washington,” Frockt said in a statement.Sally Ho, The Associated Press