SAN JOSE — Timo Meier rejoined the Sharks lineup and offered a quick reminder of why he’s so important to the Sharks forward group.Meier scored a goal and picked up two assists as the Sharks earned a 5-1 win over the Carolina Hurricanes at SAP Center Wednesday night.With Meier sidelined for three games with an upper-body injury last week, the Sharks produced a 1-2 record, scoring just four five-on-five goals. On Tuesday, the Sharks found the net three times in five-on-five situations, …
What’s been happening in school boards about evolution and intelligent design? Here are some recent stories about politicians, reporters and ordinary citizens:Kansas Grass Roots: Candidates vying for school board seats in Liberal, Kansas squared off over the evolution issue: see Hutchinson News.Ohio Rematch: Despite an earlier loss, Darwin critics in Ohio are hoping to bring up the issue for a vote again, reports CNS News. The article editorializes that “Their goal is to force curriculum changes that would also allow discussion of the intelligent design theory,” when the wording of the proposed changes specifically denies this.McCain’s Open Mind: Though an evolutionist himself, Senator John McCain thinks students ought to hear both sides in the debate over evolution, according to a piece in Evolution News that comments on a story reported in the New York Sun July 18. The Sun said, “the senator mocked the idea that American young people were so delicate and impressionable that they needed to be sheltered from the concept” and compared it to cold-war efforts to shield students from learning about Marxism.White House Press: President Bush’s press secretary Tony Snow entertained Wesley J. Smith of the Discovery Institute. Smith was there to congratulate the president for vetoing the stem cell funding bill this week.Quilt Warfare: In a bizarre piece of propaganda, Canadian quilt-making mom Barbara West ridiculed intelligent design on her (hopefully) intelligently-designed quilt. According to Canmore Leader, West, whose quilt showed the earth on a pile of turtles (see humor page), won the National Award of Excellence for her design. Casey Luskin of Discovery Institute had some smirks about this.Free Press: Patrick Gavin, associate editorial page editor of the LA Examiner, gave lengthy coverage to Casey Luskin and John West about their post-Dover book Traipsing Into Evolution that critically analyzes Judge Jones’ ruling.WWJD: Lita Cosner wrote for Creation Ministries International about how governments and secularists are fighting to make US schools Christ-free zones and are erring on the side of censorship.Conservative Backlash: Not all pro-evolutionists are liberals. A new group calls itself Conservatives Against Intelligent Design. See also report on Science and Theology News.National Wahoo: In the vein that everyone is someone elses’ weirdo, George Gilder of the Discovery Institute wrote a lengthy article supporting intelligent design for National Review, only to be trashed a week later by John Derbyshire on National Review.Evolutionary Faith: Uncommon Descent found out that the National Center for Science Education is looking for a “Faith Project Director,” This is odd, because the NCSE argues that evolution is built on science, and creation is based on faith. The job duties include “developing materials pertaining to evolution and religion for print and web; representing NCSE to the faith community, in print and in person; serving as liaison between NCSE and professional theological societies and religious organizations; speaking to the press about issues involving evolution education and challenges to it; counseling teachers, administrators, parents, and others facing challenges to evolution education.” Thanks to Evolution News and Access Research Network for most of these leads. Let’s get the ACLU to turn on the NCSE over separation of church and state. Derbyshire is an arrogant hack who likens creationists to whack-a-moles. This is a psychological disorder known as role reversal.(Visited 16 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
(Visited 36 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 More evidence points to a fully-formed universe very soon after the beginning.Using the magnifying glass of a gravitational lens, astronomers at Johns Hopkins University have located “a galaxy dating back to a mere 500 million years after the big bang,” reported Science Magazine (Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, “Warped Light Reveals Infant Galaxy on the Brink of the ‘Cosmic Dawn’,” Science 21 September 2012: Vol. 337 no. 6101 p. 1442, DOI: 10.1126/science.337.6101.1442). The discovery was announced in the rival journal across the pond, Nature (Wei Zheng et al., “A magnified young galaxy from about 500 million years after the Big Bang,” Nature 489, 20 September 2012, pp. 406–408, doi:10.1038/nature11446).This is the latest of a trend to find mature structures closer and closer to the big bang – leaving cosmologists little time to go from random particles to “lumpy” structures like stars and galaxies (see links in commentary below). This galaxy’s redshift (z = 9.6) is a record, indicating it existed close to the beginning: “Light from the primordial galaxy traveled approximately 13.2 billion light-years before reaching NASA’s telescopes,” PhysOrg stated. “In other words, the starlight snagged by Spitzer and Hubble left the galaxy when the universe was just 3.6 percent of its present age.” Even so, the galaxy was estimated by the astronomers at 200 million years old. This implies its formation was even earlier. The original paper in Nature said,We estimate that it formed less than 200 million years after the Big Bang (at the 95 per cent confidence level), implying a formation redshift of ≲14. Given the small sky area that our observations cover, faint galaxies seem to be abundant at such a young cosmic age, suggesting that they may be the dominant source for the early re-ionization of the intergalactic medium.Modern cosmological theory places an “epoch of re-ionization” after the first generation of stars that ionized the interstellar medium. Something with enough energy broke up the hydrogen gas into protons and electrons. Nature‘s paper was pretty straightforward, explaining how the discovery was made and the math used to determine its redshift, etc. But Science Magazine took the occasion to point out substantial gaps in current cosmological theory:In the timeline of cosmic evolution, the galaxy represents an era that is still filled with mystery. The universe was a soup of hot plasma for a few hundred thousand years after the big bang. Then the electrons and protons in the soup combined to form hydrogen. The first stars and galaxies are believed to have been born some 300 million years after the big bang. Over the next 700 million years or so, something re ionized the universe, breaking its hydrogen back into electrons and protons.Studies of the cosmic microwave background have broadly confirmed this timeline. But key early details are missing, including what led to the reionization. Many astrophysicists have suggested that ultra violet (UV) radiation from early galaxies may have played an important role.Nature probably did not have time to incorporate the latest findings from the South Pole Telescope, reported by PhysOrg. Astronomers now put the epoch of re-ionization earlier and shorter than previously thought – between 250 and 500 million years after the big bang, not 750 or more. Assuming stars were involved in the re-ionization, this implies “First Stars, Galaxies Formed More Rapidly Than Expected.” The article explained the implications:The epoch’s short duration indicates that reionization was more explosive than scientists had previously thought. It suggests that massive galaxies played a key role in reionization, because smaller galaxies would have formed much earlier.But if massive galaxies played a key role, it compresses the time available for the first stars to form, the first dwarf galaxies to form, and then the massive galaxies to form. The early birds must have been awesome. They had to be in order to have the energy required for the re-ionization epoch: “The first stars that formed were probably 30 to 300 times more massive than the sun and millions of times as bright, burning for only a few million years before exploding.”The trend over the last decade has been for observations to exacerbate the lumpiness problem in cosmology (the puzzle that a smooth beginning produced stars, galaxies, clusters, superclusters and other “lumpy” objects, separated by large voids of empty space). Follow the trend with these previous entries:5/30/01: Cosmologists still lack many basic answers. How did galaxies form? “The details are devilishly difficult to understand.”6/05/01: Quasar 800 million years after big bang. It’s going to turn a great number of astronomical theories on their head and confirm others.”1/08/02: Universe began with fireworks grand finale. The idea that “the fireworks ran backwards… is not at all intuitively what one would have predicted.”1/23/04: Should cosmologists get worried yet? “It’s not quite time for theorists to panic, but we’re getting there,” said astronomer Roberto Abraham of the University of Toronto, Canada, after announcing his group’s discovery of a startling number of mature galaxies in the young universe.”10/14/05: Old man in the stellar maternity ward. “These chunky babies may be pointing to a cosmic crisis. They don’t seem to fit the leading theory of galaxy formation, which cosmologists have relied on for more than 2 decades….”8/18/06: Early spiral resembles Milky Way. It is also puzzling that the most massive galaxies were more abundant and were forming stars more rapidly at early epochs than expected from models.”9/24/06: Mature galaxy 700 million years after big bang. “The simplest explanation is that the Universe is just too young to have built up many luminous galaxies at z approximately ~7-8 by the hierarchical merging of small galaxies.”12/08/09: Hubble Ultra Deep Field. “600 million years after the Big Bang. No galaxies have been seen before at such early times.”12/17/10: Whopping celestial baby boom revealed in early universe. “The new glimpse of such a productive early universe – seen as it looked 3 billion years after the Big Bang – may change the way scientists think about star formation.”3/09/11: Young galaxy cluster already mature. “Surprise! Ancient Galaxy Cluster Still Looks Young.”4/14/11: Mature galaxy with old stars 950 million years after big bang pushes star formation earlier, suggests “that the first galaxies have been around for a lot longer than previously thought.”6/17/11: Clumpiness of distant universe surprises astronomers: twice the clumpiness per unit distance found than was predicted.1/11/12: Cosmologists forced to “In the Beginning.” — “serious threats to our existing understanding of the cosmos.”Other examplesLook through the Cosmology links for other examples. Upsets are common, confirmations of theory are not. Secular cosmologists did not expect to find early maturity, like old men in a maternity ward — but they did. Remember these stories when someone tries to pull a scientism bluff on you.
Finding someone to go geocaching with can sometimes be difficult, especially when you are just starting out. Luckily there are many geocaching organizations and groups all around the world that connect geocachers to other local explorers. They strengthen the geocaching community, help beginners get into the game, and do so much more. Learn what you can expect and how you can find a geocaching group near you to join. SharePrint RelatedGeocaching Connections: Associations and ClubsDecember 23, 2013In “Maker Madness”Check out Geocaching.com’s new look!March 25, 2015In “Geocaching tools”New: An events calendar on your DashboardAugust 22, 2017In “News” They write geocaching blogs, release geocaching magazines, or allow geocachers to connect through online discussion forums. Find a local geocaching group The list is a work in progress. We expect to expand it to other countries and add groups and organizations that are active in their communities and are contributing to geocaching in positive ways. Reach out to us with the group you’d like to see included. Some have formed to foster positive relationships with local land management, forest rangers, and environmental agencies. They often work hand in hand to inform geocachers and the public how to interact with nature (aka geocaching spaces) in a respectful and non-invasive manner. What can I expect when joining a geocaching org? The sense of community geocaching organizations offer can be helpful for new geocachers and old pros alike. And they’re an easy way to make new geocaching friends. You can find a geocaching group in your area by visiting this list and map of geocaching groups and organizations. This list of orgs was “vetted” with input from community volunteers and Geocaching HQ staff. There are many organized geocaching groups worldwide. Many of them connect with members through Facebook groups or even have their own websites with activity calendars, discussion forums and information. How can I find a geocaching group near me? Geocaching organizations often host potlucks and meetups, set up friendly geocaching competitions, help new geocachers with questions, and keep everyone informed with local geocaching news. Share with your Friends:More A few orgs even organize camping trips or travel groups to embark on an adventure together – and of course geocache along the way. If you are outside of the areas currently covered by our list and map, our regional forums offer a great way to find a local geocaching group or organization.
RELATED ARTICLES Burning wood safelyHaving used a wood stove as a primary heating source for over 30 years, I’m pleased to report that I have never had problem, though evidence in both the house we’re moving out of and our new (old) house shows that other occupants have dealt with fires on multiple occasions. In fact, based on extensive charred wood I’ve found around the chimneys, it’s very lucky that either house is still standing.There’s a reason that building codes call for specific set-backs from combustible materials and require insulated flue pipe wherever it extends through building components. With any installation of a wood stove, pellet stove, or any other wood-burning equipment, follow manufacturer recommendations carefully to ensure safe operation. The morning paper had yet another story about a destructive house fire — fortunately no fatalities (this time*), but the total loss of another home and another family’s belongings. And like many others, the culprit appears to have been the wood stove.So many of the home fires we experience in Vermont result from trying to keep warm. Some have to do with faulty installation of wood heating equipment; many others result from improper operation of that equipment or management of the ash. * The morning this article came out in our local paper, the front page of that paper had a story of a tragic house fire in my home town of Dummerston in which two people died. No word yet on the cause, but I suspect it will be related to heating. All About Wood StovesWood Stoves: Safety FirstHeating With Wood Safely and Efficiently Managing ashesMost of the wood-heat-related fires that friends of mine have dealt with have to do not with the wood stove itself, but with ashes. My wife and I store the ashes that we remove from our wood stove in several metal trash cans, and then periodically we scatter those ashes on our garden and fields. We have enough storage that we typically spread the ashes only once a year — in the spring or fall.An experience last year showed me just how risky spreading ashes can be. I must have run out of ash storage capacity so had to spread some ashes in the spring when we were still using the wood stove. I spread ashes that I had removed from the wood stove weeks earlier, so I hadn’t thought there could possibly be hot coals, but after scattering a number of shovelfuls I noticed some threads of smoke from the grass where ashes had been spread.I was easily able to deal with the few hot embers using patches of snow that remained on the ground, but it reminded me just how long coals can stay hot when buried in ashes. I’m almost sure those ashes had been in the ash can for at least two weeks. Other fire risks in cold weatherIt isn’t only wood heat that creates a fire risk. Gas- and oil-fired furnaces and boilers can also malfunction, and that happens more commonly in the coldest weather when they are working the hardest.Cold weather is also when homeowners are likely to use portable electric space heaters. These can overload electrical circuits or result in shorts in the power cord, particularly if the cords are very old or damaged by pets or abrasion. Every year I hear about fires caused by electric space heaters. Examine the cords to those heaters carefully and replace as needed.In very cold weather we also sometimes hear about homeowners who use a kitchen oven for heat. Whether gas or electric, ovens should never be used for space heating; they aren’t designed for it. When gas ovens (propane or natural gas) are used for space heat, they also introduce combustion products to the house — and all open combustion of gas introduces a lot of water vapor, which can be a problem in some situations. (I actually discourage all open combustion in houses — i.e., gas ranges, cooktops, and ovens — but the indoor air quality issues are much greater when those appliances are used for heating.) On the safe-operation front, a good starting point is to burn only well-seasoned wood. (I admit to a track record that hasn’t always been great in this department.) With dry wood, there will be less need to operate the wood stove with the door ajar an less need to open it up to adjust the logs during operation — both potential risks.A big part of burning wood is about storing firewood. If, like a lot of people, you have a wood shed for storing the bulk of your wood outdoors and bring in smaller amounts for storage near the wood stove, pay attention to setback from the stove and excessive accumulation of bark and detritus near the wood stove that could catch fire from a wayward ember. Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. In 2012 he founded the Resilient Design Institute. To keep up with Alex’s latest articles and musings, you can sign up for his Twitter feed. Energy conservation is always safeGenerating heat to create warmth nearly always carries some risk. But reducing the need for supplemental almost never does.Improved insulation, plugging holes in the heated envelope, tightening up leaky windows, and other energy conservation improvements are the best strategies for ensuring safety in houses in cold weather.Not only are superinsulated houses safer from fire because they require less heat to keep warm, but they are also safer in the event of power outages or interruptions in heating fuel — the resilience argument I’m always making. You’ll remain comfortable longer if you can’t operate your heating system, and if you do need to operate a separate space heater, it will be for a shorter period of time.Safe is good. And conserving energy is the best way to achieve that safety.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund (VVMF) is commemorating the 35th anniversary of The Wall in 2017 and an esteemed group of Americans, led by The Honorable Chuck Hagel, 24th Secretary of Defense and Vietnam veteran, have come together to form the 35th Anniversary of The Wall committee to help commemorate this milestone.VVMF will host a series of events in Washington, D.C. in the week leading up to Veterans Day in November to honor and remember the service and sacrifice of those who served in Vietnam and their families.“The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is the perfect tribute and a fitting reminder of that divisive war and its enormous human cost to our country,” said American entrepreneur, philanthropist and Vietnam veteran Bob Parsons. “Many of us who served in Vietnam and made it back received either a rude or no reception. Be that as it may, our 58,000 plus brothers and sisters whose names are inscribed on The Wall, are memorialized here, always ready and waiting to whisper to us in a solemn and perfect way ‘Welcome Home!’”“I am so honored to be back to commemorate the 35th Anniversary of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial,” said Ann-Margret, award-winning actress and entertainer. “In 1966 & 1968 I went to Vietnam to entertain our troops and I can never put into words what those experiences were like. I will never forget the courage, the strength, the heroism of those brave men & women. May we never forget the debt that we owe to those courageous & honorable people of our military that allow the rest of us to be free in this county that we love.”“As a Vietnam veteran, it’s important to me that we never forget those who served and especially those who sacrificed everything and didn’t make it home. This committee has come together to commemorate this 35th anniversary milestone and to honor the more than 58,000 service members on The Wall and all our nation’s Vietnam veterans,” said Chuck Hagel, 24th Secretary of Defense and Chairman, 35th Anniversary of The Wall Honorary Committee.The Vietnam Veterans Memorial began with a promise to never forget the names of the more than 58,000 service members who sacrificed all in Vietnam and to honor all those who served in the Vietnam War. It has become one of the most-visited memorials in America with nearly 5.6 million visitors each year. The Wall was dedicated in November 1982 and gave Vietnam veterans a tangible symbol of recognition from the American people for their service.“As we commemorate the 35th anniversary of The Wall, we’re asking all Americans to ‘keep the promise’ that was made 35 years ago to never forget the service and sacrifice of our Vietnam veterans,” said Jim Knotts, president and CEO of VVMF, the nonprofit organization that founded the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.“The Vietnam War on PBS has brought new attention to the Vietnam War, The Wall and our Vietnam veterans and we hope that all Americans will join us as we honor all those who served in Vietnam.”The 35th anniversary of The Wall committee includes:Chair – The Honorable Chuck Hagel, 24th U.S. Secretary of Defense The Honorable Colin Powell, 65th U.S. Secretary of State The Honorable Tom Ridge, 1st U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security The Honorable Eric Shinseki, 7th U.S. Secretary of Veterans Affairs The Honorable Richard Armitage, 13th US Deputy Secretary of State The Honorable Max Cleland, Former U.S. Senator (D-Ga) The Honorable Bob Kerrey, Former U.S. Senator (D- Ne) and 35th Governor of Nebraska The Honorable Chuck Robb, Former U.S. Senator (D-Va) and 64th Governor of Virginia General Peter Pace, 16th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Richard Myers, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George W. Casey, Jr., 36th Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army General Barry McCaffrey, Former Director of the White House National Drug Control Policy Alan Buckelew, Chief Information Officer, Carnival Corporation Henry Cisneros, Principal, Siebert, Cisneros, Shank & Co., LLC Edward B. Cody, Chairman, Board of Directors, PenFed Credit Union Tom Hagel, Professor Emeritus, University of Dayton School of Law Red McCombs, Founder, Red McCombs Automotive Group Bill Murdy, Civilian Aide to the Sec. of the Army and Chairman, Thayer Hotel Group Bob Parsons, Entrepreneur, Philanthropist and Founder and CEO of YAM Worldwide Frederick W. Smith, Chairman, President and CEO, FedEx Corporation Ken Stinson, Chairman Emeritus, Kiewit, Inc. Ann-Margret, Award-winning Actress/Entertainer Jimmy Buffett, Entertainer/Humanitarian Gary Sinise, Actor/HumanitarianThe 35th anniversary of The Wall will be commemorated at several events this November. • November 7 – 10, 2017 – The Reading of the Names • November 10, 2017 – A reception honoring Maya Lin, the designer of The Wall • November 11, 2017 – A breakfast with Lynn Novick, co-director of The Vietnam War • November 11, 2017 –Veterans Day observance at The WallThe Reading of the Names is a special event that has only taken place five other times in The Wall’s history. For 65 hours over a four-day period leading up to Veterans Day, volunteers will read the names of each of the more than 58,000 service members listed on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.VVMF will honor Maya Lin, the designer of The Wall, at a special reception on Friday, November 10th from 6:00 – 8:00 p.m. at The Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C. More information can be found and tickets can be ordered at www.vvmf.org/maya.VVMF will host a breakfast with Lynn Novick at The Hamilton in Washington, D.C. on Saturday, November 11 at 9:30 a.m. More information can be found and tickets can be ordered at www.vvmf.org/novick.The annual Veterans Day Observance at The Wall will be held at 1:00 p.m. on November 11th. Chuck Hagel will deliver the keynote address and Maya Lin will provide special remarks. Guests can register for individual or group seating at : www.vvmf.org/2017-veterans-day-RSVP.To learn more about all of these events, please visit: www.thewall35.org/eventsVVMF couldn’t hold these commemorative events without its generous sponsors. Sponsors for the 35th Anniversary of The Wall include: Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), Alan Buckelew, William F. Murdy, The Land of The Free Foundation, PenFed Credit Union, USAA, and Wells Fargo.To learn more about the 35th anniversary and how to ‘keep the promise,’ visit www.vvmf.org to find ways to get involved and honor Vietnam veterans including: visiting The Wall in Washington, D.C. or VVMF’s mobile replica, The Wall That Heals; posting a photo or remembrance to VVMF’s Wall of Faces; or nominating a Vietnam veteran who returned but later died of service-connected illness for the In Memory program.The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund (VVMF) is the nonprofit organization that founded the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (The Wall) in Washington, D.C. in 1982. VVMF continues to lead the way in paying tribute to our nation’s Vietnam veterans and their families. VVMF’s mission is to honor and preserve the legacy of service in America and educate all generations about the impact of the Vietnam War and era. To learn more about VVMF, visit www.vvmf.org or call 202-393-0090.